随州擂鼓墩二号墓

随州擂鼓墩二号墓
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出版社: 文物出版社
2008-10
版次: 1
ISBN: 9787501024926
定价: 320.00
装帧: 精装
开本: 16开
纸张: 胶版纸
页数: 248页
正文语种: 英语
分类: 历史
  • TheTombNo.2atLeiguduninSuizhou(Abstract)ThetombNo.2atLeigudun(onamoundinZengdudistrict,2kilometersnorthwesttothecityproperofSuizhou)isthesecondlargesttombafterthewell-knowntomboftheMarquiseofZeng,i.e.,thetombNo.1atLeigudun.BothofthetombsarelocatedinSuizhouandbelongtothemembersoftherulinglineageoftheZengpolity.ItisbelievedbyarchaeologiststhatthetwotombsareofequalsignificanceinprovidingimportantevidenceforunderstandingoftheSuiculture,ritualpracticesandmusicalperformancesinthepre-Qintimes,andtherelationshipsbetweentheSuiandChupolities.ThepresentvolumereportsthediscoveryandexcavationofthetombNo.2atLeigudun.Itincludes449burialgoodsofvariouskinds,and32areunearthedfromadisturbingditch.Dateofthetombandthesocialstatusoftheoccupantarebothgivenindetailinthetextualsections.ThoughthetombNo.2wasactuallyexcavatedveryearly,thesitereportonlycomesoutaslateas2008formanyreasons.Wewouldparticularlyliketothankthepeoplewhoworkedveryhardinthepastseveraldecadeskeepingandconservingthematerialsfortheirpublication.
    Thereporthasfourchapters.
    ChapterIIntroduction
    ThefirstsectionintroducesthegeographiclocationofSuizhou,environmentalandpoliticalchangessincethelateWesternZhoudynasty.SectiononealsoincludesthesituationofthecemeterywherethetombNo.2islocated,conservationandreconstructionofthefinds,andmaterialpreparationforpublication.
    Suizhouislocatedintheso-calledSui-Zaocorridor,anarrowjointareaofthesouthandnorthpartsofChina,withbeautifullandscapes,comfortableclimateconditionsandfertilesoilforagriculturaluseanddenselyveinedwithrivers;foralltheabovementionedgeographicandnaturalconditions,thecityhasalwaysbeenperceivedsincetheantiquityasanidealandimportantlocationforhumanlivingandculturalcommunicationbetweenthesouthandthenorthofChina.TheSuipolitywasestablishedinthelateWesternZhouperiod.DuringtheearlySpringandAutumnperiod,itmoveditscapitaltotheSui-ZaocorridorareaandsubsequentlybecameapowerfulpolityontheeastbankoftheHanshuiRiver.
    ChapterIITombsandtheMajorOccupant
    DataofthetombNo.2includesfouraspects:burialmound,burialpit,furnishings,andtreatmentsofthedead.
    1.TherewasindeedamoundrightabovetheburialchamberofthetombNo.2atLeigudun,whichwastotallyleveledtothegroundbythelocalmilitaryforcewhenbuildingacamp;
    2.Thesecondpartintroducesthelocation,orientation,size,structure,andthefilloftheburialpit;
    3.Thethirdpartintroducesthemajorcoffinandsubordinatecoffins;thecoffinofthetomboccupantislocatedinthemiddleofthenorthernpartoftheburialchamber,seriouslydeteriorated;coffinaccessoriesarescatteredaround;remainsofanothercoffin,probablyasubordinatecoffintothemajorcoffin,wasdiscov-eredinthesouthwesterncomerofthechamber,withnoburialgoodsinside;
    4.Theskeletaldataisquitelimitedsincethebonesarehighlydeteriorated;whatwecanknowfromthebonesleftisthatthemajoroccupantwasheadedtotheeast,whilethesacrificedvictimintheaccompanyingcoffinwasburiedinanorth-southorientation.
    ChapterIIIBurialGoods
    Veryabundantburialgoods(intotal,449singleobjects)havebeenrecoveredfromthetombNo.2,includingbronzes,stoneandjadeobjects,potteryvessels,hornandglassobjects,shellornaments,andleadandtinvessels.Accordingtofunction,theycanbeclassifiedintomainlysixcategories,i.e.,ritualvessels,musicalinstruments,lifetools,horseandchariotfittings,adornments,andburialgoods.
    (1)Bronzes
    Ritualvesselsinclude:17ding(meat-stewingtripod),8gui(grain-offeringvessel),4fu(roundvesselwithflatbowlonhighopenworkfoot),10li(tripodalcookingvesselwithpouch-shapedfeet),1yan(grainsteamer),4zun(liquid-servingvessel),2washingpots,4pots,3dou(stembowl),1fu(vesselwithglobularbottom,madetofitastovetop),1dish,1yi(pouringvessel),3bi(pointedspoon),and1dou(ladlewithcylindricalcontainer);
    Musicalinstrumentsinclude:36yongzhongbells,1drumstand,22hooksforhangingthebells;
    Lifetoolsinclude:1fire-pan,1dustpan,1lid,1hook-shapedimplement,and1funnel;
    Horseandchariotfittingsandornamentsinclude:4canopymounts,5axle-endornaments,6horsebits,16reigncontrollers,102bridleornaments,11bicha,36bird-shapedand18plank-shapedadornments.
    (2)Jadeandstoneburialgoods
    Ritualobjectsinclude:1bi(ring-shapeddisc),and1gui(pentagonaltablet);
    Musicalinstrumentsinclude:12chimestones;
    Ornamentsinclude:2arc-shapedpendants,and8agaterings;
    (3)Ceramicvessels:7dou
    (4)Leadandtinobjectsinclude64fish-shapedornaments,and15coffinaccessories;
    (5)Othersignificantfindsinclude7horngig-bits,apairofdeerantlers,3crystalbeads,1stringofring-shapedbeads,and1shellornament.
    Thetombwasmostlikelytohavebeenlootedinantiquity,whichiscorroboratedbytheco-occurrenceofthedisturbingditchnearthecoffinofthemajoroccupantandthelargeamountofburialgoodsseeminglyleftbythelooterswithintheditchbychurningthetombsoil.Itisforthisreason,wedeliberatelyseparatethesefindsfromthoseunearthedfromwithinthetombchamber.
    The32findsfromtheditchinclude1potterydou,1stonebi,1jaderamfigurine,1jaderabbitfigurine,1jadeplug,20glassbeads,5perforatedturquoisebeads,and1spade-shapedironobject.
    Allthesefindsareintroducedinatypologicalorder.Onesampleisselectivelygivenwhenmanytypologicallyidenticalvesselsarefound.
    ChapterIVConclusions
    Thelastsectionofthisreportincludesthefollowingresearchresults:
    (1)DateofthetombNo.2atLeigudun:latephaseoftheearlyWarringStatesperiodthroughtheearlyphaseofthemiddleWarringStatesperiod;
    (2)Identityofthemajortomboccupant:anotherMarquiseoftheZengpolityafterthefamousMarquiseYi;
    (3)ThoughthefindsreflectaseriousinfluencefromtheChuculture,themajorelementsofthemortuarypracticebelongtotheZengculturalsphere. 序
    壹前言
    一地理位置与环境
    二历史沿革与传说
    三墓葬的发现与发掘
    四资料整理与报告编写
    贰墓葬形制
    一圭寸土
    二墓坑
    三葬具
    1.木椁
    2.主棺
    3.陪葬棺

    四葬式
    叁随葬遗物
    一青铜器
    (一)礼器
    1.鼎
    2.簋
    3.簋
    4.鬲
    5.
    6.尊缶
    7.盥缶
    8.壶
    9.豆
    10.釜
    11.盘
    12.匝
    13.匕
    14.斗

    (二)乐器
    1.甬钟
    2.建鼓座
    3.甬钟挂钩

    (三)生活用器
    1.炭盆
    2.箕
    3.器盖
    4.钩形器
    5.漏斗

    (四)车马器
    1.车盖立叉
    2.车軎
    3.衔
    4.节约
    5.马络饰
    6.壁插

    (五)饰件
    1.鸟形饰件
    2.板形饰件

    二玉、石器
    (一)礼器
    1.石璧
    2.石圭

    (二)乐器
    石磬

    (三)饰件
    1.玉璜
    2.玛瑙环

    三陶器
    陶豆
    四角器
    1.镳
    2.鹿角

    五料器
    1.紫色水晶珠
    2.环形串珠

    六蚌器
    蚌饰

    七铅锡器
    1.鱼形饰件
    2.棺构件

    八扰乱沟遗物
    1.陶豆
    2.石璧
    3.玉羊
    4.玉兔
    5.玉塞
    6.料珠
    7.绿松石穿孔珠
    8.铁铲形器

    肆结语
    一年代
    二墓主
    三文化特征分析
    四主要收获

    附表
    附表一二号墓随葬遗物登记表
    附表二二号墓出土青铜器分类统计表
    附表三二号墓青铜器内动物骨登记表
    附录
    附录一随州擂鼓墩二号墓编钟音乐性能分析
    附录二随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土部分玉石器鉴定结果
    附录三随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土料器成分、物相分析
    附录四随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土部分青铜器焊料成分分析
    附录五随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土青铜器残留泥芯检测报告
    附录六随州擂鼓墩二号墓青铜器内动物骨的C、N稳定同位素分析
    附录七随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土青铜器的金相实验研究
    附录八随州擂鼓墩二号墓青铜器群的铸制工艺研究
    后记
    英文提要
  • 内容简介:
    TheTombNo.2atLeiguduninSuizhou(Abstract)ThetombNo.2atLeigudun(onamoundinZengdudistrict,2kilometersnorthwesttothecityproperofSuizhou)isthesecondlargesttombafterthewell-knowntomboftheMarquiseofZeng,i.e.,thetombNo.1atLeigudun.BothofthetombsarelocatedinSuizhouandbelongtothemembersoftherulinglineageoftheZengpolity.ItisbelievedbyarchaeologiststhatthetwotombsareofequalsignificanceinprovidingimportantevidenceforunderstandingoftheSuiculture,ritualpracticesandmusicalperformancesinthepre-Qintimes,andtherelationshipsbetweentheSuiandChupolities.ThepresentvolumereportsthediscoveryandexcavationofthetombNo.2atLeigudun.Itincludes449burialgoodsofvariouskinds,and32areunearthedfromadisturbingditch.Dateofthetombandthesocialstatusoftheoccupantarebothgivenindetailinthetextualsections.ThoughthetombNo.2wasactuallyexcavatedveryearly,thesitereportonlycomesoutaslateas2008formanyreasons.Wewouldparticularlyliketothankthepeoplewhoworkedveryhardinthepastseveraldecadeskeepingandconservingthematerialsfortheirpublication.
    Thereporthasfourchapters.
    ChapterIIntroduction
    ThefirstsectionintroducesthegeographiclocationofSuizhou,environmentalandpoliticalchangessincethelateWesternZhoudynasty.SectiononealsoincludesthesituationofthecemeterywherethetombNo.2islocated,conservationandreconstructionofthefinds,andmaterialpreparationforpublication.
    Suizhouislocatedintheso-calledSui-Zaocorridor,anarrowjointareaofthesouthandnorthpartsofChina,withbeautifullandscapes,comfortableclimateconditionsandfertilesoilforagriculturaluseanddenselyveinedwithrivers;foralltheabovementionedgeographicandnaturalconditions,thecityhasalwaysbeenperceivedsincetheantiquityasanidealandimportantlocationforhumanlivingandculturalcommunicationbetweenthesouthandthenorthofChina.TheSuipolitywasestablishedinthelateWesternZhouperiod.DuringtheearlySpringandAutumnperiod,itmoveditscapitaltotheSui-ZaocorridorareaandsubsequentlybecameapowerfulpolityontheeastbankoftheHanshuiRiver.
    ChapterIITombsandtheMajorOccupant
    DataofthetombNo.2includesfouraspects:burialmound,burialpit,furnishings,andtreatmentsofthedead.
    1.TherewasindeedamoundrightabovetheburialchamberofthetombNo.2atLeigudun,whichwastotallyleveledtothegroundbythelocalmilitaryforcewhenbuildingacamp;
    2.Thesecondpartintroducesthelocation,orientation,size,structure,andthefilloftheburialpit;
    3.Thethirdpartintroducesthemajorcoffinandsubordinatecoffins;thecoffinofthetomboccupantislocatedinthemiddleofthenorthernpartoftheburialchamber,seriouslydeteriorated;coffinaccessoriesarescatteredaround;remainsofanothercoffin,probablyasubordinatecoffintothemajorcoffin,wasdiscov-eredinthesouthwesterncomerofthechamber,withnoburialgoodsinside;
    4.Theskeletaldataisquitelimitedsincethebonesarehighlydeteriorated;whatwecanknowfromthebonesleftisthatthemajoroccupantwasheadedtotheeast,whilethesacrificedvictimintheaccompanyingcoffinwasburiedinanorth-southorientation.
    ChapterIIIBurialGoods
    Veryabundantburialgoods(intotal,449singleobjects)havebeenrecoveredfromthetombNo.2,includingbronzes,stoneandjadeobjects,potteryvessels,hornandglassobjects,shellornaments,andleadandtinvessels.Accordingtofunction,theycanbeclassifiedintomainlysixcategories,i.e.,ritualvessels,musicalinstruments,lifetools,horseandchariotfittings,adornments,andburialgoods.
    (1)Bronzes
    Ritualvesselsinclude:17ding(meat-stewingtripod),8gui(grain-offeringvessel),4fu(roundvesselwithflatbowlonhighopenworkfoot),10li(tripodalcookingvesselwithpouch-shapedfeet),1yan(grainsteamer),4zun(liquid-servingvessel),2washingpots,4pots,3dou(stembowl),1fu(vesselwithglobularbottom,madetofitastovetop),1dish,1yi(pouringvessel),3bi(pointedspoon),and1dou(ladlewithcylindricalcontainer);
    Musicalinstrumentsinclude:36yongzhongbells,1drumstand,22hooksforhangingthebells;
    Lifetoolsinclude:1fire-pan,1dustpan,1lid,1hook-shapedimplement,and1funnel;
    Horseandchariotfittingsandornamentsinclude:4canopymounts,5axle-endornaments,6horsebits,16reigncontrollers,102bridleornaments,11bicha,36bird-shapedand18plank-shapedadornments.
    (2)Jadeandstoneburialgoods
    Ritualobjectsinclude:1bi(ring-shapeddisc),and1gui(pentagonaltablet);
    Musicalinstrumentsinclude:12chimestones;
    Ornamentsinclude:2arc-shapedpendants,and8agaterings;
    (3)Ceramicvessels:7dou
    (4)Leadandtinobjectsinclude64fish-shapedornaments,and15coffinaccessories;
    (5)Othersignificantfindsinclude7horngig-bits,apairofdeerantlers,3crystalbeads,1stringofring-shapedbeads,and1shellornament.
    Thetombwasmostlikelytohavebeenlootedinantiquity,whichiscorroboratedbytheco-occurrenceofthedisturbingditchnearthecoffinofthemajoroccupantandthelargeamountofburialgoodsseeminglyleftbythelooterswithintheditchbychurningthetombsoil.Itisforthisreason,wedeliberatelyseparatethesefindsfromthoseunearthedfromwithinthetombchamber.
    The32findsfromtheditchinclude1potterydou,1stonebi,1jaderamfigurine,1jaderabbitfigurine,1jadeplug,20glassbeads,5perforatedturquoisebeads,and1spade-shapedironobject.
    Allthesefindsareintroducedinatypologicalorder.Onesampleisselectivelygivenwhenmanytypologicallyidenticalvesselsarefound.
    ChapterIVConclusions
    Thelastsectionofthisreportincludesthefollowingresearchresults:
    (1)DateofthetombNo.2atLeigudun:latephaseoftheearlyWarringStatesperiodthroughtheearlyphaseofthemiddleWarringStatesperiod;
    (2)Identityofthemajortomboccupant:anotherMarquiseoftheZengpolityafterthefamousMarquiseYi;
    (3)ThoughthefindsreflectaseriousinfluencefromtheChuculture,themajorelementsofthemortuarypracticebelongtotheZengculturalsphere.
  • 目录:

    壹前言
    一地理位置与环境
    二历史沿革与传说
    三墓葬的发现与发掘
    四资料整理与报告编写
    贰墓葬形制
    一圭寸土
    二墓坑
    三葬具
    1.木椁
    2.主棺
    3.陪葬棺

    四葬式
    叁随葬遗物
    一青铜器
    (一)礼器
    1.鼎
    2.簋
    3.簋
    4.鬲
    5.
    6.尊缶
    7.盥缶
    8.壶
    9.豆
    10.釜
    11.盘
    12.匝
    13.匕
    14.斗

    (二)乐器
    1.甬钟
    2.建鼓座
    3.甬钟挂钩

    (三)生活用器
    1.炭盆
    2.箕
    3.器盖
    4.钩形器
    5.漏斗

    (四)车马器
    1.车盖立叉
    2.车軎
    3.衔
    4.节约
    5.马络饰
    6.壁插

    (五)饰件
    1.鸟形饰件
    2.板形饰件

    二玉、石器
    (一)礼器
    1.石璧
    2.石圭

    (二)乐器
    石磬

    (三)饰件
    1.玉璜
    2.玛瑙环

    三陶器
    陶豆
    四角器
    1.镳
    2.鹿角

    五料器
    1.紫色水晶珠
    2.环形串珠

    六蚌器
    蚌饰

    七铅锡器
    1.鱼形饰件
    2.棺构件

    八扰乱沟遗物
    1.陶豆
    2.石璧
    3.玉羊
    4.玉兔
    5.玉塞
    6.料珠
    7.绿松石穿孔珠
    8.铁铲形器

    肆结语
    一年代
    二墓主
    三文化特征分析
    四主要收获

    附表
    附表一二号墓随葬遗物登记表
    附表二二号墓出土青铜器分类统计表
    附表三二号墓青铜器内动物骨登记表
    附录
    附录一随州擂鼓墩二号墓编钟音乐性能分析
    附录二随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土部分玉石器鉴定结果
    附录三随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土料器成分、物相分析
    附录四随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土部分青铜器焊料成分分析
    附录五随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土青铜器残留泥芯检测报告
    附录六随州擂鼓墩二号墓青铜器内动物骨的C、N稳定同位素分析
    附录七随州擂鼓墩二号墓出土青铜器的金相实验研究
    附录八随州擂鼓墩二号墓青铜器群的铸制工艺研究
    后记
    英文提要
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