Gray's Anatomy for Students:With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access

Gray's Anatomy for Students
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作者:
出版社: Churchill Livingstone
2009-02
版次: 2
ISBN: 9780443069529
定价: 743.00
装帧: 平装
开本: 其他
纸张: 胶版纸
页数: 1136页
正文语种: 英语
丛书: Gray's Anatomy
  • Itdidn'ttakelongforstudentsaroundtheworldtorealizethatanatomytextsjustdon'tgetanybetterthan"Gray'sAnatomyforStudents".Onlyinits2ndedition,thisalreadypopular,clinicallyfocusedreferencehasmovedfaraheadofthecompetitionandishighlyrecommendedbyanyonewhousesit.Ateamofauthorswithawealthofdiverseteachingandclinicalexperiencehasupdatedandrevisedthisneweditiontoefficientlycoverwhatyou'relearningincontemporaryanatomyclasses.Animprovedformat,updatedclinicalmaterial,andremarkableartworkbyaward-winningillustratorsRichardTibbittsandPaulRichardsonmakeanatomyeasierthaneverforyoutomaster.Uniquecoverageofsurfaceanatomy,correlativediagnosticimages,andclinicalcasestudiesdemonstratepracticalapplicationsofanatomicalconcepts.And,aninternationaladvisoryboard,comprisedofmorethan100instructors,ensuresthatthematerialisaccurate,uptodate,andeasytouse.Tofurtherenhanceyourlearningexperience,you'llhaveaccesstotheentirebookonline,withadditionalcontent,interactiveexercises,andmore.TakeyourAnatomylearningevenfurtherwithothermembersoftheGray's'family'-"Gray'sAtlasofAnatomy","Dorland's/Gray'sPocketAtlasofAnatomy","Gray'sDissectionGuideforHumanAnatomy",andtheneweditionof"Gray'sAnatomyforStudentsFlashCards". 1ThebodyWhatisanatomy?4Howcangrossanatomybestudied?4Importantanatomicalterms4Imaging7Diagnosticimagingtechniques7Nuclearmedicineimaging10Imageinterpretation11Plainradiography12Computedtomography12Magneticresonanceimaging13Nuclearmedicineimaging13Safetyinimaging13Bodysystems14Skeletalsystem14Cartilage14Bone15Joints20Skinandfascias26Skin26Fascia26Muscularsystem27Cardiovascularsystem29Lymphaticsystem31Lymphaticvessels31Lymphnodes32Lymphatictrunksandducts32Nervoussystem34Centralnervoussystem34FunctionalsubdivisionsoftheCNS34Somaticpartofthenervoussystem35Visceralpartofthenervoussystem41Othersystems52Clinicalcases532BackConceptualoverview56Generaldescription56Functions57Support57Movement57Protectionofthenervoussystem58Componentparts58Bones58Muscles60Vertebralcanal62Spinalnerves63Relationshiptootherregions64Head64Thorax,abdomen,andpelvis65Limbs65Keyfeatures65Longvertebralcolumnandshortspinalcord65Intervertebralforaminaandspinalnerves66Innervationoftheback66Regionalanatomy67Skeletalframework67Vertebrae67Intervertebralforamina75Posteriorspacesbetweenvertebralarches75Joints79Jointsbetweenvertebraeintheback79Ligaments82Anteriorandposteriorlongitudinalligaments82Ligamentaflava82Supraspinousligamentandligamentumnuchae83Interspinousligaments84Backmusculature86Superficialgroupofbackmuscles86Intermediategroupofbackmuscles92Deepgroupofbackmuscles93Suboccipitalmuscles99Spinalcord101Vasculature102Meninges104Arrangementofstructuresinthevertebralcanal106Spinalnerves107Surfaceanatomy112Backsurfaceanatomy112Absenceoflateralcurvatures112Primaryandsecondarycurvaturesinthesagittalplane112Usefulnonvertebralskeletallandmarks112Howtoidentifyspecificvertebralspinousprocesses114Visualizingtheinferiorendsofthespinalcordandsubarachnoidspace115Identifyingmajormuscles116Clinicalcases1183ThoraxConceptualoverview124Generaldescription124Functions125Breathing125Protectionofvitalorgans125Conduit125Componentparts125Thoracicwall125Superiorthoracicaperture126Inferiorthoracicaperture126Diaphragm127Mediastinum128Pleuralcavities128Relationshiptootherregions129Neck129Upperlimb130Abdomen130Breast130Keyfeatures130VertebrallevelTIV/V130Venousshuntsfromlefttoright132Segmentalneurovascularsupplyofthoracicwall132Sympatheticsystem134Flexiblewallandinferiorthoracicaperture134Innervationofthediaphragm134Regionalanatomy137Pectoralregion137Breast137Musclesofthepectoralregion139Thoracicwall141Skeletalframework141Intercostalspaces147Diaphragm156Venousdrainage158Innervation158Movementsofthethoracicwallanddiaphragmduringbreathing158Pleuralcavities159Pleura159Lungs163Mediastinum176Middlemediastinum177Superiormediastinum204Posteriormediastinum215Anteriormediastinum223Surfaceanatomy224Thoraxsurfaceanatomy224Howtocountribs224Surfaceanatomyofthebreastinwomen225VisualizingstructuresattheTIV/Vvertebrallevel226Visualizingstructuresinthesuperiormediastinum227Visualizingthemarginsoftheheart227Wheretolistenforheartsounds228Visualizingthepleuralcavitiesandlungs,pleuralrecesses,andlunglobesandfissures228Wheretolistenforlungsounds229Clinicalcases23344AbdomenConceptualoverview246Generaldescription246Functions247Housesandprotectsmajorviscera247Breathing249Changesinintra-abdominalpressure249Componentparts250Wall250Abdominalcavity251Inferiorthoracicaperture253Diaphragm253Pelvicinlet254Relationshiptootherregions254Thorax254Pelvis254Lowerlimb255Keyfeatures256Arrangementofabdominalvisceraintheadult256Skinandmusclesoftheanteriorandlateralabdominalwallandthoracicintercostalnerves259Thegroinisaweakareaintheanteriorabdominalwall260VerterbralLevelL1262Thegastrointestinalsystemanditsderivativesaresuppliedbythreemajorarteries262Venousshuntsfromlefttoright264Allvenousdrainagefromthegastrointestinalsystempassesthroughtheliver265Abdominalvisceraaresuppliedbyalargeprevertebralplexus266Regionalanatomy268Surfacetopography268Four-quadrantpattern268Nine-regionpattern269Abdominalwall270Superficialfascia270Anterolateralmuscles272Extraperitonealfascia278Peritoneum279Innervation279Arterialsupplyandvenousdrainage280Lymphaticdrainage282Groin282Inguinalcanal284Inguinalhernias288Abdominalviscera292Peritoneum292Peritonealcavity293Organs297Arterialsupply327Venousdrainage337Lymphatics341Innervation341Posteriorabdominalregion348Posteriorabdominalwall349Viscera355Vasculature366Lymphaticsystem372Nervoussystemintheposteriorabdominalregion374Sympathetictrunksandsplanchnicnerves374Surfaceanatomy382Abdomensurfaceanatomy382Definingthesurfaceprojectionoftheabdomen383Howtofindthesuperficialinguinalring384Howtodeterminelumbarvertebrallevels385VisualizingstructuresattheL1vertebrallevel386Visualizingthepositionofmajorbloodvessels387Usingabdominalquadrantstolocatemajorviscera388Definingsurfaceregionstowhichpainfromthegutisreferred389Wheretofindthekidneys390Wheretofindthespleen390Clinicalcases3915PelvisandperineumConceptualoverview406Generaldescription406Functions406Containandsupportbladder,rectum,analcanal,andreproductivetracts406Anchorstherootsoftheexternalgenitalia408Componentparts408Pelvicinlet408Pelvicwalls409Pelvicoutlet409Pelvicfloor411Pelviccavity411Perineum412Relationshiptootherregions414Abdomen414Lowerlimb414Keyfeatures415Thepelviccavityprojectsposteriorly415Importantstructurescrosstheuretersinthepelviccavity415Theprostateisanteriortorectum417Theperineumisinnervatedbysacralspinalcordsegments417Nervesarerelatedtobone418ParasympatheticinnervationfromspinalcordlevelsS2toS4controlserection418Musclesandfasciaofthepelvicfloorandperineumintersectattheperinealbody419Genderdeterminesthecourseoftheurethra419Regionalanatomy421Pelvis421Bones421Joints426Orientation428Genderdifferences428Truepelvis429Vicera438Fascia458Peritoneum460Nerves462Bloodvessels471Lymphatics477Perineum478Bordersandceiling478Ischio-analfossaeandtheiranteriorrecesses480Analtriangle480Urogenitaltriangle483Somaticnerves490Visceralnerves492Bloodvessels492Veins494Lymphatics496Surfaceanatomy497Surfaceanatomyofthepelvisandperineum497Orientationofthepelvisandperineumintheanatomicalposition497Howtodefinethemarginsoftheperineum497Identificationofstructuresintheanaltriangle499Identificationofstructuresintheurogenitaltriangleofwomen500Identificationofstructuresintheurogenitaltriangleofmen501Clinicalcases5046LowerlimbConceptualoverview512Generalintroduction512Function513Supportthebodyweight513Locomotion515Componentparts517Bonesandjoints517Muscles518Relationshiptootherregions520Abdomen520Pelvis521Perineum521Keypoints521Innervationisbylumbarandsacralspinalnerves521Nervesrelatedtobone525Superficialveins525Regionalanatomy526Bonypelvis526Proximalfemur529Hipjoint532Gatewaystothelowerlimb535Nerves537Arteries540Veins542Lymphatics542Deepfasciaandthesaphenousopening544Femoraltriangle545Glutealregion547Muscles548Nerves551Arteries554Veins554Lymphatics554Thigh555Bones555Muscles561Arteries569Veins573Nerves573Kneejoint575Tibiofibularjoint584Poplitealfossa584Leg585Bones586Joints588Posteriorcompartmentofleg588Lateralcompartmentofleg595Anteriorcompartmentofleg596Foot600Bones600Joints605Tarsaltunnel,retinacula,andarrangementofmajorstructuresattheankle612Archesofthefoot614Plantaraponeurosis615Fibroussheathsoftoes615Extensorhoods616Intrinsicmuscles616Arteries622Veins624Nerves624Surfaceanatomy628Lowerlimbsurfaceanatomy628Avoidingthesciaticnerve628Findingthefemoralarteryinthefemoraltriangle630Identifyingstructuresaroundtheknee630Visualizingthecontentsofthepoplitealfossa632Findingthetarsaltunnel-thegatewaytothefoot633Identifyingtendonsaroundtheankleandinthefoot634Findingthedorsalispedisartery635Approximatingthepositionoftheplantararterialarch635Majorsuperficialveins636Pulsepoints637Clinicalcases63877UpperlimbConceptualoverview650Generaldescription650Functions651Positioningthehand651Thehandasamechanicaltool651Thehandasasensorytool654Componentparts654Bonesandjoints654Muscles655Relationshiptootherregions657Neck657Backandthoracicwall658Keypoints659Innervationbycervicalandupperthoracicnerves659Nervesrelatedtobone663Superficialveins663Orientationofthethumb664Regionalanatomy665Shoulder665Bones665Join...
  • 内容简介:
    Itdidn'ttakelongforstudentsaroundtheworldtorealizethatanatomytextsjustdon'tgetanybetterthan"Gray'sAnatomyforStudents".Onlyinits2ndedition,thisalreadypopular,clinicallyfocusedreferencehasmovedfaraheadofthecompetitionandishighlyrecommendedbyanyonewhousesit.Ateamofauthorswithawealthofdiverseteachingandclinicalexperiencehasupdatedandrevisedthisneweditiontoefficientlycoverwhatyou'relearningincontemporaryanatomyclasses.Animprovedformat,updatedclinicalmaterial,andremarkableartworkbyaward-winningillustratorsRichardTibbittsandPaulRichardsonmakeanatomyeasierthaneverforyoutomaster.Uniquecoverageofsurfaceanatomy,correlativediagnosticimages,andclinicalcasestudiesdemonstratepracticalapplicationsofanatomicalconcepts.And,aninternationaladvisoryboard,comprisedofmorethan100instructors,ensuresthatthematerialisaccurate,uptodate,andeasytouse.Tofurtherenhanceyourlearningexperience,you'llhaveaccesstotheentirebookonline,withadditionalcontent,interactiveexercises,andmore.TakeyourAnatomylearningevenfurtherwithothermembersoftheGray's'family'-"Gray'sAtlasofAnatomy","Dorland's/Gray'sPocketAtlasofAnatomy","Gray'sDissectionGuideforHumanAnatomy",andtheneweditionof"Gray'sAnatomyforStudentsFlashCards".
  • 目录:
    1ThebodyWhatisanatomy?4Howcangrossanatomybestudied?4Importantanatomicalterms4Imaging7Diagnosticimagingtechniques7Nuclearmedicineimaging10Imageinterpretation11Plainradiography12Computedtomography12Magneticresonanceimaging13Nuclearmedicineimaging13Safetyinimaging13Bodysystems14Skeletalsystem14Cartilage14Bone15Joints20Skinandfascias26Skin26Fascia26Muscularsystem27Cardiovascularsystem29Lymphaticsystem31Lymphaticvessels31Lymphnodes32Lymphatictrunksandducts32Nervoussystem34Centralnervoussystem34FunctionalsubdivisionsoftheCNS34Somaticpartofthenervoussystem35Visceralpartofthenervoussystem41Othersystems52Clinicalcases532BackConceptualoverview56Generaldescription56Functions57Support57Movement57Protectionofthenervoussystem58Componentparts58Bones58Muscles60Vertebralcanal62Spinalnerves63Relationshiptootherregions64Head64Thorax,abdomen,andpelvis65Limbs65Keyfeatures65Longvertebralcolumnandshortspinalcord65Intervertebralforaminaandspinalnerves66Innervationoftheback66Regionalanatomy67Skeletalframework67Vertebrae67Intervertebralforamina75Posteriorspacesbetweenvertebralarches75Joints79Jointsbetweenvertebraeintheback79Ligaments82Anteriorandposteriorlongitudinalligaments82Ligamentaflava82Supraspinousligamentandligamentumnuchae83Interspinousligaments84Backmusculature86Superficialgroupofbackmuscles86Intermediategroupofbackmuscles92Deepgroupofbackmuscles93Suboccipitalmuscles99Spinalcord101Vasculature102Meninges104Arrangementofstructuresinthevertebralcanal106Spinalnerves107Surfaceanatomy112Backsurfaceanatomy112Absenceoflateralcurvatures112Primaryandsecondarycurvaturesinthesagittalplane112Usefulnonvertebralskeletallandmarks112Howtoidentifyspecificvertebralspinousprocesses114Visualizingtheinferiorendsofthespinalcordandsubarachnoidspace115Identifyingmajormuscles116Clinicalcases1183ThoraxConceptualoverview124Generaldescription124Functions125Breathing125Protectionofvitalorgans125Conduit125Componentparts125Thoracicwall125Superiorthoracicaperture126Inferiorthoracicaperture126Diaphragm127Mediastinum128Pleuralcavities128Relationshiptootherregions129Neck129Upperlimb130Abdomen130Breast130Keyfeatures130VertebrallevelTIV/V130Venousshuntsfromlefttoright132Segmentalneurovascularsupplyofthoracicwall132Sympatheticsystem134Flexiblewallandinferiorthoracicaperture134Innervationofthediaphragm134Regionalanatomy137Pectoralregion137Breast137Musclesofthepectoralregion139Thoracicwall141Skeletalframework141Intercostalspaces147Diaphragm156Venousdrainage158Innervation158Movementsofthethoracicwallanddiaphragmduringbreathing158Pleuralcavities159Pleura159Lungs163Mediastinum176Middlemediastinum177Superiormediastinum204Posteriormediastinum215Anteriormediastinum223Surfaceanatomy224Thoraxsurfaceanatomy224Howtocountribs224Surfaceanatomyofthebreastinwomen225VisualizingstructuresattheTIV/Vvertebrallevel226Visualizingstructuresinthesuperiormediastinum227Visualizingthemarginsoftheheart227Wheretolistenforheartsounds228Visualizingthepleuralcavitiesandlungs,pleuralrecesses,andlunglobesandfissures228Wheretolistenforlungsounds229Clinicalcases23344AbdomenConceptualoverview246Generaldescription246Functions247Housesandprotectsmajorviscera247Breathing249Changesinintra-abdominalpressure249Componentparts250Wall250Abdominalcavity251Inferiorthoracicaperture253Diaphragm253Pelvicinlet254Relationshiptootherregions254Thorax254Pelvis254Lowerlimb255Keyfeatures256Arrangementofabdominalvisceraintheadult256Skinandmusclesoftheanteriorandlateralabdominalwallandthoracicintercostalnerves259Thegroinisaweakareaintheanteriorabdominalwall260VerterbralLevelL1262Thegastrointestinalsystemanditsderivativesaresuppliedbythreemajorarteries262Venousshuntsfromlefttoright264Allvenousdrainagefromthegastrointestinalsystempassesthroughtheliver265Abdominalvisceraaresuppliedbyalargeprevertebralplexus266Regionalanatomy268Surfacetopography268Four-quadrantpattern268Nine-regionpattern269Abdominalwall270Superficialfascia270Anterolateralmuscles272Extraperitonealfascia278Peritoneum279Innervation279Arterialsupplyandvenousdrainage280Lymphaticdrainage282Groin282Inguinalcanal284Inguinalhernias288Abdominalviscera292Peritoneum292Peritonealcavity293Organs297Arterialsupply327Venousdrainage337Lymphatics341Innervation341Posteriorabdominalregion348Posteriorabdominalwall349Viscera355Vasculature366Lymphaticsystem372Nervoussystemintheposteriorabdominalregion374Sympathetictrunksandsplanchnicnerves374Surfaceanatomy382Abdomensurfaceanatomy382Definingthesurfaceprojectionoftheabdomen383Howtofindthesuperficialinguinalring384Howtodeterminelumbarvertebrallevels385VisualizingstructuresattheL1vertebrallevel386Visualizingthepositionofmajorbloodvessels387Usingabdominalquadrantstolocatemajorviscera388Definingsurfaceregionstowhichpainfromthegutisreferred389Wheretofindthekidneys390Wheretofindthespleen390Clinicalcases3915PelvisandperineumConceptualoverview406Generaldescription406Functions406Containandsupportbladder,rectum,analcanal,andreproductivetracts406Anchorstherootsoftheexternalgenitalia408Componentparts408Pelvicinlet408Pelvicwalls409Pelvicoutlet409Pelvicfloor411Pelviccavity411Perineum412Relationshiptootherregions414Abdomen414Lowerlimb414Keyfeatures415Thepelviccavityprojectsposteriorly415Importantstructurescrosstheuretersinthepelviccavity415Theprostateisanteriortorectum417Theperineumisinnervatedbysacralspinalcordsegments417Nervesarerelatedtobone418ParasympatheticinnervationfromspinalcordlevelsS2toS4controlserection418Musclesandfasciaofthepelvicfloorandperineumintersectattheperinealbody419Genderdeterminesthecourseoftheurethra419Regionalanatomy421Pelvis421Bones421Joints426Orientation428Genderdifferences428Truepelvis429Vicera438Fascia458Peritoneum460Nerves462Bloodvessels471Lymphatics477Perineum478Bordersandceiling478Ischio-analfossaeandtheiranteriorrecesses480Analtriangle480Urogenitaltriangle483Somaticnerves490Visceralnerves492Bloodvessels492Veins494Lymphatics496Surfaceanatomy497Surfaceanatomyofthepelvisandperineum497Orientationofthepelvisandperineumintheanatomicalposition497Howtodefinethemarginsoftheperineum497Identificationofstructuresintheanaltriangle499Identificationofstructuresintheurogenitaltriangleofwomen500Identificationofstructuresintheurogenitaltriangleofmen501Clinicalcases5046LowerlimbConceptualoverview512Generalintroduction512Function513Supportthebodyweight513Locomotion515Componentparts517Bonesandjoints517Muscles518Relationshiptootherregions520Abdomen520Pelvis521Perineum521Keypoints521Innervationisbylumbarandsacralspinalnerves521Nervesrelatedtobone525Superficialveins525Regionalanatomy526Bonypelvis526Proximalfemur529Hipjoint532Gatewaystothelowerlimb535Nerves537Arteries540Veins542Lymphatics542Deepfasciaandthesaphenousopening544Femoraltriangle545Glutealregion547Muscles548Nerves551Arteries554Veins554Lymphatics554Thigh555Bones555Muscles561Arteries569Veins573Nerves573Kneejoint575Tibiofibularjoint584Poplitealfossa584Leg585Bones586Joints588Posteriorcompartmentofleg588Lateralcompartmentofleg595Anteriorcompartmentofleg596Foot600Bones600Joints605Tarsaltunnel,retinacula,andarrangementofmajorstructuresattheankle612Archesofthefoot614Plantaraponeurosis615Fibroussheathsoftoes615Extensorhoods616Intrinsicmuscles616Arteries622Veins624Nerves624Surfaceanatomy628Lowerlimbsurfaceanatomy628Avoidingthesciaticnerve628Findingthefemoralarteryinthefemoraltriangle630Identifyingstructuresaroundtheknee630Visualizingthecontentsofthepoplitealfossa632Findingthetarsaltunnel-thegatewaytothefoot633Identifyingtendonsaroundtheankleandinthefoot634Findingthedorsalispedisartery635Approximatingthepositionoftheplantararterialarch635Majorsuperficialveins636Pulsepoints637Clinicalcases63877UpperlimbConceptualoverview650Generaldescription650Functions651Positioningthehand651Thehandasamechanicaltool651Thehandasasensorytool654Componentparts654Bonesandjoints654Muscles655Relationshiptootherregions657Neck657Backandthoracicwall658Keypoints659Innervationbycervicalandupperthoracicnerves659Nervesrelatedtobone663Superficialveins663Orientationofthethumb664Regionalanatomy665Shoulder665Bones665Join...
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