The Metamorphosis

The Metamorphosis
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作者: (法兰兹·卡夫卡)
出版社: Random House
1972-02
ISBN: 9780553213690
定价: 25.40
装帧: 平装
开本: 其他
纸张: 胶版纸
页数: 201页
正文语种: 英语
  • "WhenGregorSamsawokeuponemorningfromunsettlingdreams,hefoundhimselfchangedinhisbedintoamonstrousvermin."Withthisstartling,bizarre,yetsurprisinglyfunnyfirstsentence,Kafkabeginshismasterpiece,TheMetamorphosis.Itisthestoryofayoungmanwho,transformedovernightintoagiantbeetlelikeinsect,becomesanobjectofdisgracetohisfamily,anoutsiderinhisownhome,aquintessentiallyalienatedman.Aharrowing--thoughabsurdlycomic--meditationonhumanfeelingsofinadequecy,guilt,andisolation,TheMetamorphosishastakenitsplaceasoneofthemosstwidelyreadandinfluentialworksoftwentieth-centuryfiction.AsW.H.Audenwrote,"Kafkaisimportanttousbecausehispredicamentisthepredicamentofmodernman".  《变形记》创作于1912年,发表于1915年。小说分成三部分,用一、二、三标明。课文节选了原小说的一半内容。第一部分,写格里高尔发现自己变成“巨大的甲虫”,惊慌而又忧郁。父亲发现后大怒,把他赶回自己的卧室。第二部分,格里高尔变了,养成了甲虫的生活习性,却保留了人的意识。他失业了,仍旧关心怎样还清父亲欠的债务,送妹妹上音乐学院。可是,一个月后,他成了全家的累赘。父亲、母亲、妹妹对他改变了态度。第三部分,为了生存,家人只得打工挣钱,忍受不了格里高尔这个负担。妹妹终于提出把哥哥弄走。格里高尔又饿又病,陷入绝望,“他怀着深情和爱意想他的一家人”,“然后他的头就不由自主地垂倒在地板上,鼻孔呼出了最后一丝气息”,死了。父亲、母亲和妹妹开始过着自己养活自己的新生活。 FranzKafkawasbornin1833toawell-to-domiddle-classJewishfamily.Hisfather,theself-madeproprietorofawholesalehaberdasherybusiness,wasadomineeringmanwhoseapprobationFranzcontinuallystruggledtowin.TheyoungerKafka'sfeelingsofinadequacyandguiltformthebackgroundofmuchofhisworkandaremadeexplicitinhis"LettertoHisFather"(excerptedinthisvolume),whichwaswrittenin1919butneversent.KafkawaseducatedintheGermanlanguageschoolsofPragueandatthecity'sGermanUniversity,wherein1908hetookalawdegree.Literature,however,remainedhissolepassion.AtthistimehebecamepartofaliterarycirclethatincludedFranzWerfel,MartinBuber,andKafka'sclosefriendMaxBrod.EncouragedbyBrod,KafkapublishedtheprosecollectionObservationsin1913.Twoyearslaterhisstory"TheStoker"wontheFontaineprize.In1916hebeganworkonTheTrialandbetweenthistimeand1923producedthreeincompletenovelsaswellasnumeroussketchesandstories.Inhislifetimesomeofhisshortworksdidappear:TheJudgment(1916),TheMetamorphosis(1916),ThePenalColony(1919),andTheCountryDoctor(1919).Beforehisdeathoftuberculosisin1924,KafkahadchargedMaxBrodwiththeexecutionofhisestate,orderingBrodtoburnthemanuscripts.WiththesomewhatcircularjustificationthatKafkamusthaveknownhisfriendcouldnotobeysuchanorder,BroddecidedtopublishKafka'swritings.Tothisactof"betrayal"theworldowesthepreservationofsomeofthemostunforgettableandinfluentialliteraryworksofourcentury.
  • 内容简介:
    "WhenGregorSamsawokeuponemorningfromunsettlingdreams,hefoundhimselfchangedinhisbedintoamonstrousvermin."Withthisstartling,bizarre,yetsurprisinglyfunnyfirstsentence,Kafkabeginshismasterpiece,TheMetamorphosis.Itisthestoryofayoungmanwho,transformedovernightintoagiantbeetlelikeinsect,becomesanobjectofdisgracetohisfamily,anoutsiderinhisownhome,aquintessentiallyalienatedman.Aharrowing--thoughabsurdlycomic--meditationonhumanfeelingsofinadequecy,guilt,andisolation,TheMetamorphosishastakenitsplaceasoneofthemosstwidelyreadandinfluentialworksoftwentieth-centuryfiction.AsW.H.Audenwrote,"Kafkaisimportanttousbecausehispredicamentisthepredicamentofmodernman".  《变形记》创作于1912年,发表于1915年。小说分成三部分,用一、二、三标明。课文节选了原小说的一半内容。第一部分,写格里高尔发现自己变成“巨大的甲虫”,惊慌而又忧郁。父亲发现后大怒,把他赶回自己的卧室。第二部分,格里高尔变了,养成了甲虫的生活习性,却保留了人的意识。他失业了,仍旧关心怎样还清父亲欠的债务,送妹妹上音乐学院。可是,一个月后,他成了全家的累赘。父亲、母亲、妹妹对他改变了态度。第三部分,为了生存,家人只得打工挣钱,忍受不了格里高尔这个负担。妹妹终于提出把哥哥弄走。格里高尔又饿又病,陷入绝望,“他怀着深情和爱意想他的一家人”,“然后他的头就不由自主地垂倒在地板上,鼻孔呼出了最后一丝气息”,死了。父亲、母亲和妹妹开始过着自己养活自己的新生活。
  • 作者简介:
    FranzKafkawasbornin1833toawell-to-domiddle-classJewishfamily.Hisfather,theself-madeproprietorofawholesalehaberdasherybusiness,wasadomineeringmanwhoseapprobationFranzcontinuallystruggledtowin.TheyoungerKafka'sfeelingsofinadequacyandguiltformthebackgroundofmuchofhisworkandaremadeexplicitinhis"LettertoHisFather"(excerptedinthisvolume),whichwaswrittenin1919butneversent.KafkawaseducatedintheGermanlanguageschoolsofPragueandatthecity'sGermanUniversity,wherein1908hetookalawdegree.Literature,however,remainedhissolepassion.AtthistimehebecamepartofaliterarycirclethatincludedFranzWerfel,MartinBuber,andKafka'sclosefriendMaxBrod.EncouragedbyBrod,KafkapublishedtheprosecollectionObservationsin1913.Twoyearslaterhisstory"TheStoker"wontheFontaineprize.In1916hebeganworkonTheTrialandbetweenthistimeand1923producedthreeincompletenovelsaswellasnumeroussketchesandstories.Inhislifetimesomeofhisshortworksdidappear:TheJudgment(1916),TheMetamorphosis(1916),ThePenalColony(1919),andTheCountryDoctor(1919).Beforehisdeathoftuberculosisin1924,KafkahadchargedMaxBrodwiththeexecutionofhisestate,orderingBrodtoburnthemanuscripts.WiththesomewhatcircularjustificationthatKafkamusthaveknownhisfriendcouldnotobeysuchanorder,BroddecidedtopublishKafka'swritings.Tothisactof"betrayal"theworldowesthepreservationofsomeofthemostunforgettableandinfluentialliteraryworksofourcentury.
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