地下工程施工(牛雷)

地下工程施工(牛雷)
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作者: 主编 , 副主编 ,
2021-10
版次: 1
ISBN: 9787122397034
定价: 68.00
装帧: 平装
开本: 16开
纸张: 胶版纸
页数: 210页
字数: 352千字
  • 《地下工程施工》较详细地介绍了公路隧道、城市地下空间等地下工程中较普遍且经常采用的施工技术与方法。本书简单易学,图文并茂,全书共分9章,内容包括钻爆法施工、盾构法施工、岩石隧道掘进机法施工、顶管法施工、沉管法施工、沉井法施工、盖挖法施工、地下工程防水以及地下工程施工监测。
      本书为高等院校土木类专业教材,可作为土木工程专业的隧道与地下工程方向以及城市地下空间工程等专业的师生教学用书,同时也可供现场工程技术人员学习参考。 第1章 钻爆法施工                               1

    案例导读                                   1

    讨论                                     2

    1.1 岩体的工程分级                             2

    1.1.1 岩石强度                             3

    1.1.2 围岩稳定性                            4

    1.2 主要施工方法介绍                            7

    1.2.1 矿山法                              7

    1.2.2 新奥法                              8

    1.2.3 浅埋暗挖法                            8

    1.2.4 挪威法                              8

    1.2.5 新意法                              9

    1.2.6 对比分析                             9

    1.3 断面选择                                11

    1.3.1 断面形式                            11

    1.3.2 考虑因素                            12

    1.4 基本开挖方法                              12

    1.4.1 全断面法                            12

    1.4.2 台阶法                             14

    1.4.3 导洞法                             16

    1.4.4 中隔壁法                            21

    1.4.5 交叉中隔壁法                          22

    1.4.6 中洞法                             24

    1.4.7 拱盖法                             26

    1.5 工法转换                                28

    1.6 爆破                                  29

    1.6.1 爆破作业                            31

    1.6.2 延时爆破                            34

    1.6.3 光面爆破                            34

    1.7 出渣                                  35

    1.7.1 装渣工作                            35

    1.7.2 运输工作                            36

    1.8 支护技术                                37

    1.8.1 锚杆支护                            38

    1.8.2 喷射混凝土支护                         42

    1.8.3 锚喷联合支护                          45

    1.8.4 模筑混凝土衬砌                         48

    1.8.5 超前支护                            51

    1.8.6 超前地质预报                          53

    1.9 通风                                  53

    思考题与习题                                54

    第2章 盾构法施工                              55

    案例导读                                  55

    讨论                                    55

    2.1 盾构机的基本构造                            57

    2.2 盾构机的分类                              60

    2.3 盾构机的始发和接收                           65

    2.3.1 盾构工作井                           65

    2.3.2 洞口加固                            65

    2.3.3 基座与后座                           66

    2.3.4 始发                              68

    2.3.5 接收                              69

    2.4 正常掘进                                69

    2.4.1 土压平衡盾构掘进                        70

    2.4.2 泥水平衡盾构掘进                        70

    2.4.3 特殊地段掘进                          70

    2.4.4 壁后注浆                            70

    2.4.5 盾构姿态控制                          70

    2.5 衬砌                                  71

    2.5.1 几何尺寸                            71

    2.5.2 管片拼装                            72

    思考题与习题                                74

    第3章 岩石隧道掘进机法施工                         75

    案例导读                                  75

    讨论                                    76

    3.1 类型及构造                               79

    3.1.1 敞开式TBM                           79

    3.1.2 护盾式TBM                           83

    3.1.3 循环作业原理                          85

    3.1.4 分次扩孔掘进式                         88

    3.2 TBM 法施工                              88

    3.2.1 施工准备                            88

    3.2.2 掘进作业                            89

    3.2.3 支护作业                            89

    3.2.4 出渣与运输                           90

    3.2.5 超前预报技术                          90

    3.2.6 特殊洞段施工关键技术                      92

    3.2.7 通风除尘                            94

    思考题与习题                                95

    第4章 顶管法施工                              96

    案例导读                                  96

    讨论                                    96

    4.1 顶管法施工的发展与分类                         97

    4.1.1 顶管法施工的发展                        97

    4.1.2 顶管法施工的分类                        98

    4.2 顶管分类及其选型                            98

    4.2.1 手掘式顶管                           98

    4.2.2 土压平衡顶管                          101

    4.2.3 泥水平衡顶管                          103

    4.2.4 顶管的选型                           106

    4.3 工作井布置                              107

    4.3.1 工作井的形式与尺寸                       107

    4.3.2 工作井的位置与数量                       108

    4.3.3 工作井的结构形式与选择                     108

    4.3.4 顶进工作井的布置                        109

    4.4 长距离顶管                              111

    4.4.1 增大主顶油缸顶力                        111

    4.4.2 减阻措施                            111

    4.4.3 增设中继间                           112

    4.4.4 降低开挖面正面顶进阻力的措施                  115

    4.5 顶管工程计算                             116

    4.5.1 顶管顶力的计算                         116

    4.5.2 顶管后座墙的稳定性验算                     117

    4.6 管节接缝防水                             117

    4.6.1 钢管接口                            117

    4.6.2 钢筋混凝土管节接缝防水                     117

    4.7 施工作业                               119

    4.7.1 施工准备工作                          119

    4.7.2 顶进                              120

    4.7.3 压注泥浆                            120

    4.7.4 测量                              121

    4.7.5 通风                              121

    4.7.6 纠偏                              121

    思考题与习题                                122

    第5章 沉管法施工                              123

    案例导读                                  123

    讨论                                    123

    5.1 沉管隧道的基本结构                          124

    5.1.1 沉管隧道横断面结构                       124

    5.1.2 沉管隧道纵断面结构                       126

    5.2 沉管法施工工艺及特点                         127

    5.2.1 沉管法施工工艺                         127

    5.2.2 沉管法施工的特点                        127

    5.3 干坞                                 128

    5.3.1 移动干坞                            129

    5.3.2 固定干坞                            129

    5.4 管段制作                               133

    5.4.1 钢壳混凝土管段制作                       133

    5.4.2 钢筋混凝土矩形管段制作                     133

    5.5 基槽开挖与航道疏浚                          137

    5.5.1 沉管基槽开挖                          137

    5.5.2 航道疏浚                            140

    5.6 管段出坞、浮运与沉放                         140

    5.6.1 管段出坞                            140

    5.6.2 管段浮运                            140

    5.6.3 管段沉放                            143

    5.7 基础处理                               149

    5.7.1 先铺法                             149

    5.7.2 后填法                             150

    5.8 覆土回填                               153

    思考题与习题                                154

    第6章 沉井法施工                              155

    案例导读                                  155

    讨论                                    155

    因字数限制,仅展示部分目录。

     
  • 内容简介:
    《地下工程施工》较详细地介绍了公路隧道、城市地下空间等地下工程中较普遍且经常采用的施工技术与方法。本书简单易学,图文并茂,全书共分9章,内容包括钻爆法施工、盾构法施工、岩石隧道掘进机法施工、顶管法施工、沉管法施工、沉井法施工、盖挖法施工、地下工程防水以及地下工程施工监测。
      本书为高等院校土木类专业教材,可作为土木工程专业的隧道与地下工程方向以及城市地下空间工程等专业的师生教学用书,同时也可供现场工程技术人员学习参考。
  • 目录:
    第1章 钻爆法施工                               1

    案例导读                                   1

    讨论                                     2

    1.1 岩体的工程分级                             2

    1.1.1 岩石强度                             3

    1.1.2 围岩稳定性                            4

    1.2 主要施工方法介绍                            7

    1.2.1 矿山法                              7

    1.2.2 新奥法                              8

    1.2.3 浅埋暗挖法                            8

    1.2.4 挪威法                              8

    1.2.5 新意法                              9

    1.2.6 对比分析                             9

    1.3 断面选择                                11

    1.3.1 断面形式                            11

    1.3.2 考虑因素                            12

    1.4 基本开挖方法                              12

    1.4.1 全断面法                            12

    1.4.2 台阶法                             14

    1.4.3 导洞法                             16

    1.4.4 中隔壁法                            21

    1.4.5 交叉中隔壁法                          22

    1.4.6 中洞法                             24

    1.4.7 拱盖法                             26

    1.5 工法转换                                28

    1.6 爆破                                  29

    1.6.1 爆破作业                            31

    1.6.2 延时爆破                            34

    1.6.3 光面爆破                            34

    1.7 出渣                                  35

    1.7.1 装渣工作                            35

    1.7.2 运输工作                            36

    1.8 支护技术                                37

    1.8.1 锚杆支护                            38

    1.8.2 喷射混凝土支护                         42

    1.8.3 锚喷联合支护                          45

    1.8.4 模筑混凝土衬砌                         48

    1.8.5 超前支护                            51

    1.8.6 超前地质预报                          53

    1.9 通风                                  53

    思考题与习题                                54

    第2章 盾构法施工                              55

    案例导读                                  55

    讨论                                    55

    2.1 盾构机的基本构造                            57

    2.2 盾构机的分类                              60

    2.3 盾构机的始发和接收                           65

    2.3.1 盾构工作井                           65

    2.3.2 洞口加固                            65

    2.3.3 基座与后座                           66

    2.3.4 始发                              68

    2.3.5 接收                              69

    2.4 正常掘进                                69

    2.4.1 土压平衡盾构掘进                        70

    2.4.2 泥水平衡盾构掘进                        70

    2.4.3 特殊地段掘进                          70

    2.4.4 壁后注浆                            70

    2.4.5 盾构姿态控制                          70

    2.5 衬砌                                  71

    2.5.1 几何尺寸                            71

    2.5.2 管片拼装                            72

    思考题与习题                                74

    第3章 岩石隧道掘进机法施工                         75

    案例导读                                  75

    讨论                                    76

    3.1 类型及构造                               79

    3.1.1 敞开式TBM                           79

    3.1.2 护盾式TBM                           83

    3.1.3 循环作业原理                          85

    3.1.4 分次扩孔掘进式                         88

    3.2 TBM 法施工                              88

    3.2.1 施工准备                            88

    3.2.2 掘进作业                            89

    3.2.3 支护作业                            89

    3.2.4 出渣与运输                           90

    3.2.5 超前预报技术                          90

    3.2.6 特殊洞段施工关键技术                      92

    3.2.7 通风除尘                            94

    思考题与习题                                95

    第4章 顶管法施工                              96

    案例导读                                  96

    讨论                                    96

    4.1 顶管法施工的发展与分类                         97

    4.1.1 顶管法施工的发展                        97

    4.1.2 顶管法施工的分类                        98

    4.2 顶管分类及其选型                            98

    4.2.1 手掘式顶管                           98

    4.2.2 土压平衡顶管                          101

    4.2.3 泥水平衡顶管                          103

    4.2.4 顶管的选型                           106

    4.3 工作井布置                              107

    4.3.1 工作井的形式与尺寸                       107

    4.3.2 工作井的位置与数量                       108

    4.3.3 工作井的结构形式与选择                     108

    4.3.4 顶进工作井的布置                        109

    4.4 长距离顶管                              111

    4.4.1 增大主顶油缸顶力                        111

    4.4.2 减阻措施                            111

    4.4.3 增设中继间                           112

    4.4.4 降低开挖面正面顶进阻力的措施                  115

    4.5 顶管工程计算                             116

    4.5.1 顶管顶力的计算                         116

    4.5.2 顶管后座墙的稳定性验算                     117

    4.6 管节接缝防水                             117

    4.6.1 钢管接口                            117

    4.6.2 钢筋混凝土管节接缝防水                     117

    4.7 施工作业                               119

    4.7.1 施工准备工作                          119

    4.7.2 顶进                              120

    4.7.3 压注泥浆                            120

    4.7.4 测量                              121

    4.7.5 通风                              121

    4.7.6 纠偏                              121

    思考题与习题                                122

    第5章 沉管法施工                              123

    案例导读                                  123

    讨论                                    123

    5.1 沉管隧道的基本结构                          124

    5.1.1 沉管隧道横断面结构                       124

    5.1.2 沉管隧道纵断面结构                       126

    5.2 沉管法施工工艺及特点                         127

    5.2.1 沉管法施工工艺                         127

    5.2.2 沉管法施工的特点                        127

    5.3 干坞                                 128

    5.3.1 移动干坞                            129

    5.3.2 固定干坞                            129

    5.4 管段制作                               133

    5.4.1 钢壳混凝土管段制作                       133

    5.4.2 钢筋混凝土矩形管段制作                     133

    5.5 基槽开挖与航道疏浚                          137

    5.5.1 沉管基槽开挖                          137

    5.5.2 航道疏浚                            140

    5.6 管段出坞、浮运与沉放                         140

    5.6.1 管段出坞                            140

    5.6.2 管段浮运                            140

    5.6.3 管段沉放                            143

    5.7 基础处理                               149

    5.7.1 先铺法                             149

    5.7.2 后填法                             150

    5.8 覆土回填                               153

    思考题与习题                                154

    第6章 沉井法施工                              155

    案例导读                                  155

    讨论                                    155

    因字数限制,仅展示部分目录。

     
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