Catch-22

Catch-22
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作者:
出版社: Simon & Schuster US
2011-04
版次: 50
ISBN: 9781451621174
定价: 239.10
装帧: 精装
开本: 其他
纸张: 其他
页数: 544页
正文语种: 英语
  • Catch-22islikenoothernovelwehaveeverread.Ithasitsownstyle,itsownrationale,itsownextraordinarycharacter.Itmovesbackandforthfromhilaritytohorror.Itisoutrageouslyfunnyandstrangelyaffecting.Itistotallyoriginal.
    ItissetintheclosingmonthsofWorldWarII,inanAmericanbombersquadrononasmallislandoffItaly.ItsheroisabombardiernamedYossarian,whoisfranticandfuriousbecausethousandsofpeoplehehasn'tevenmetkeeptryingtokillhim.(Hehasdecidedtoliveforeverevenifhehastodieintheattempt.)
    HisproblemisColonelCathcart,whokeepsraisingthenumberofmissionsthemenhavetofly.
    TheothersrangefromLieutenantMiloMinderbinder,adedicatedentrepreneur(hebombshisownairfieldwhentheGermansmakehimareasonableoffer:costplus6%),tothedeadmaninYossarian'stent;fromMajorMajorMajor,whosetragedyisthatheresemblesHenryFonda,toNately'swhore'skidsister;fromLieutenantScheisskopf(helovesaparade)toMajor--deCoverley,whosefaceissoforbiddingnoonehaseverdaredaskhimhisfirstname;fromClevinger,whoislostintheclouds,tothesoldierinwhite,wholiesencasedinbandagesfromheadtotoeandmaynotevenbethereatall;fromDoriDuz,whodoes,tothewoundedgunnerSnowden,wholiesdyinginthetailofYossarian'splaneandatlastrevealshisterrifyingsecret.
    Catch-22isamicrocosmofthetwentieth-centuryworldasitmightlooktosomeonedangerouslysane.Itisanovelthatlivesandmovesandgrowswithastonishingpowerandvitality.Itis,webelieve,oneofthestrongestcreationsofthemid-century.
    Asrevealingtodayaswhenitwasfirstpublished,thisbrilliantnovelbytheauthorofPictureThisexpressestheconcernsofanentiregenerationinitsblackcomedy.WorldWarIIflierJohnYossariandecidesthathisonlymissioneachtimehegoesupistoreturn—alive! JosephHellerJosephHeller’sdebutnovelCatch-22willalwaysberememberedasabrilliantlyscathingindictmentofwarandoneofthegreatabsurdistcomediesof20thcenturyAmericanliterature.However,italsocreatedapainfulcatch-22foritsauthorattheexpenseofhissubsequentworks,whichhewouldeventuallyexploreinhisfinalnovelPortraitofanArtistasanOldMan.BiographySometimeslifetrapsyouinanunfortunatesituationthatisimpossibletoescapefrombecauseofasetofinherentlyabsurdrules.TakeJosephHeller,forexample.Theveryfirstnovelhepublishedwasamongthemostbiting,powerful,hilariousexamplesofcontemporaryliterature,agenuineclassicof1960santi-warliterature.Yet,Hellerwasforevertrappedbythatnovel,unabletoachievesimilarsuccesswithhissubsequentworksnomatterhowfinetheymayhavebeen.BoththatpainfulpredicamentandthatauspiciousdebutnovelareknownasCatch-22,andonehopesthatanabsurdistsuchasJosephHellerhadtoatleastappreciatethatironyalittle.Catch-22(1961)wassomewhatbasedonHeller'sownexperiencesasaB-25bombadierintheTwelfthAirForceduringWorldWarII.ItisthestoryofJohnYossarian,amalingeringbombardierstationedinItalyduringthewar.Helivesinconstantterrorofbeingkilled,soheflieseachofhismissionswiththesolegoalofreturningalive.Unfortunately,ColonelCathcartkeepsincreasingthenumberofmissionshemustundertakeinordertocompletehisservice.Yossarian'sonlywayoutistoprovethatheisinsane.Ofcourse,theonlywayhecandothatistowillinglytakethemostdangerousmissionstheairforcehastooffer.Yossarian'sridiculous,unwinnablesituationistheCatch-22fromwhichthenovelgetsitsname.HellerusesYossarian'ssituationasameanstosatirizeandcriticizethemilitaryanddehumanizingbureaucraciesingeneral.Thenovelfollowsadisorientinglogicofitsown,owingmoretoLewisCarroll'sWonderlandthananywar-themednovelbeforeit.Consequently,Heller'suniqueapproachtohissubjecthadadeepinfluenceonwriterssuchasKurtVonnegut(SlaughterhouseFive)andTomRobbins(VillaIncognito).In1970,Catch-22wasadaptedintoastar-studdedfeaturefilmbydirectorMikeNichols(Who'sAfraidofVirginiaWoolf?;TheGraduate).Althoughmanyviewedthefilmasadisappointment,ithaditsfairshareofhighlyinspiredsequences,andinallfairness,thewhimsicalstructureofthenoveldoesnoteasilylenditselftothecinematicmedium.Withagenuineclassiconhishands,Hellerthentookhistimeproducinghissecondnovel.SomethingHappeneddidnotappearuntil1974,butitcontinuedmanyofthethemespresentinCatch-22.Thistimearoundhedirectedhispoisonpenatthedehumanizingeffectsofthebig-businessworld.Heller'stangyblendofpessimismandhumanismwouldbethedrivingforcebehindthemajorityofhisworkthatfollowed,includingGoodasGold,ClosingTime(asequeltoCatch-22),andtheplayWeBombedNewHaven.However,noneofhissubsequenteffortscameclosetomatchingthesuccessorinfluenceofCatch-22,afactthatirkedHelleruntilhisdeath.Hisfinalnovel,theposthumouslypublishedPortraitofanArtistasanOldMan,exploredthisverythemeaswriterEugenePotastrugglestodecideuponasubjectforhisfinalnovel.Despitehisownmisgivingsabouthiscareer,JosephHellerwillforeverberememberedasagiantinAmericanliterature,evenifitisonlyduetohisfirstnovel...andthat'sthekindofCatch-22inwhichmostwriterswouldkilltobetrapped.GoodToKnowHelleroftensupplementedhisincomebytakingscreenwritingjobs.HeworkedonscreenplaysforthefilmsSexandtheSingleGirlandCasinoRoyale,andevenworkedonthetelevisionshowMcHale'sNavyunderthepseudonym"MaxOrange."Heller'sgreatabhorrenceofwartranscendedhisnovelsandplays.Duringthe‘60s,hewasveryinvolvedinthemovementagainstthewarinVietnam.AlthoughCatch-22isregardedasanAmericanclassic,itdidnottrulynabpublicattentionuntilreceivingglowingnoticesinGreatBritainayearafteritsU.S.debut.AlsoKnownAs:MaxOrangeDateofBirth:五月1,1923PlaceofBirth:Brooklyn,NewYorkDateofDeath:十二月12,1999PlaceofDeath:EastHampton,NewYork
  • 内容简介:
    Catch-22islikenoothernovelwehaveeverread.Ithasitsownstyle,itsownrationale,itsownextraordinarycharacter.Itmovesbackandforthfromhilaritytohorror.Itisoutrageouslyfunnyandstrangelyaffecting.Itistotallyoriginal.
    ItissetintheclosingmonthsofWorldWarII,inanAmericanbombersquadrononasmallislandoffItaly.ItsheroisabombardiernamedYossarian,whoisfranticandfuriousbecausethousandsofpeoplehehasn'tevenmetkeeptryingtokillhim.(Hehasdecidedtoliveforeverevenifhehastodieintheattempt.)
    HisproblemisColonelCathcart,whokeepsraisingthenumberofmissionsthemenhavetofly.
    TheothersrangefromLieutenantMiloMinderbinder,adedicatedentrepreneur(hebombshisownairfieldwhentheGermansmakehimareasonableoffer:costplus6%),tothedeadmaninYossarian'stent;fromMajorMajorMajor,whosetragedyisthatheresemblesHenryFonda,toNately'swhore'skidsister;fromLieutenantScheisskopf(helovesaparade)toMajor--deCoverley,whosefaceissoforbiddingnoonehaseverdaredaskhimhisfirstname;fromClevinger,whoislostintheclouds,tothesoldierinwhite,wholiesencasedinbandagesfromheadtotoeandmaynotevenbethereatall;fromDoriDuz,whodoes,tothewoundedgunnerSnowden,wholiesdyinginthetailofYossarian'splaneandatlastrevealshisterrifyingsecret.
    Catch-22isamicrocosmofthetwentieth-centuryworldasitmightlooktosomeonedangerouslysane.Itisanovelthatlivesandmovesandgrowswithastonishingpowerandvitality.Itis,webelieve,oneofthestrongestcreationsofthemid-century.
    Asrevealingtodayaswhenitwasfirstpublished,thisbrilliantnovelbytheauthorofPictureThisexpressestheconcernsofanentiregenerationinitsblackcomedy.WorldWarIIflierJohnYossariandecidesthathisonlymissioneachtimehegoesupistoreturn—alive!
  • 作者简介:
    JosephHellerJosephHeller’sdebutnovelCatch-22willalwaysberememberedasabrilliantlyscathingindictmentofwarandoneofthegreatabsurdistcomediesof20thcenturyAmericanliterature.However,italsocreatedapainfulcatch-22foritsauthorattheexpenseofhissubsequentworks,whichhewouldeventuallyexploreinhisfinalnovelPortraitofanArtistasanOldMan.BiographySometimeslifetrapsyouinanunfortunatesituationthatisimpossibletoescapefrombecauseofasetofinherentlyabsurdrules.TakeJosephHeller,forexample.Theveryfirstnovelhepublishedwasamongthemostbiting,powerful,hilariousexamplesofcontemporaryliterature,agenuineclassicof1960santi-warliterature.Yet,Hellerwasforevertrappedbythatnovel,unabletoachievesimilarsuccesswithhissubsequentworksnomatterhowfinetheymayhavebeen.BoththatpainfulpredicamentandthatauspiciousdebutnovelareknownasCatch-22,andonehopesthatanabsurdistsuchasJosephHellerhadtoatleastappreciatethatironyalittle.Catch-22(1961)wassomewhatbasedonHeller'sownexperiencesasaB-25bombadierintheTwelfthAirForceduringWorldWarII.ItisthestoryofJohnYossarian,amalingeringbombardierstationedinItalyduringthewar.Helivesinconstantterrorofbeingkilled,soheflieseachofhismissionswiththesolegoalofreturningalive.Unfortunately,ColonelCathcartkeepsincreasingthenumberofmissionshemustundertakeinordertocompletehisservice.Yossarian'sonlywayoutistoprovethatheisinsane.Ofcourse,theonlywayhecandothatistowillinglytakethemostdangerousmissionstheairforcehastooffer.Yossarian'sridiculous,unwinnablesituationistheCatch-22fromwhichthenovelgetsitsname.HellerusesYossarian'ssituationasameanstosatirizeandcriticizethemilitaryanddehumanizingbureaucraciesingeneral.Thenovelfollowsadisorientinglogicofitsown,owingmoretoLewisCarroll'sWonderlandthananywar-themednovelbeforeit.Consequently,Heller'suniqueapproachtohissubjecthadadeepinfluenceonwriterssuchasKurtVonnegut(SlaughterhouseFive)andTomRobbins(VillaIncognito).In1970,Catch-22wasadaptedintoastar-studdedfeaturefilmbydirectorMikeNichols(Who'sAfraidofVirginiaWoolf?;TheGraduate).Althoughmanyviewedthefilmasadisappointment,ithaditsfairshareofhighlyinspiredsequences,andinallfairness,thewhimsicalstructureofthenoveldoesnoteasilylenditselftothecinematicmedium.Withagenuineclassiconhishands,Hellerthentookhistimeproducinghissecondnovel.SomethingHappeneddidnotappearuntil1974,butitcontinuedmanyofthethemespresentinCatch-22.Thistimearoundhedirectedhispoisonpenatthedehumanizingeffectsofthebig-businessworld.Heller'stangyblendofpessimismandhumanismwouldbethedrivingforcebehindthemajorityofhisworkthatfollowed,includingGoodasGold,ClosingTime(asequeltoCatch-22),andtheplayWeBombedNewHaven.However,noneofhissubsequenteffortscameclosetomatchingthesuccessorinfluenceofCatch-22,afactthatirkedHelleruntilhisdeath.Hisfinalnovel,theposthumouslypublishedPortraitofanArtistasanOldMan,exploredthisverythemeaswriterEugenePotastrugglestodecideuponasubjectforhisfinalnovel.Despitehisownmisgivingsabouthiscareer,JosephHellerwillforeverberememberedasagiantinAmericanliterature,evenifitisonlyduetohisfirstnovel...andthat'sthekindofCatch-22inwhichmostwriterswouldkilltobetrapped.GoodToKnowHelleroftensupplementedhisincomebytakingscreenwritingjobs.HeworkedonscreenplaysforthefilmsSexandtheSingleGirlandCasinoRoyale,andevenworkedonthetelevisionshowMcHale'sNavyunderthepseudonym"MaxOrange."Heller'sgreatabhorrenceofwartranscendedhisnovelsandplays.Duringthe‘60s,hewasveryinvolvedinthemovementagainstthewarinVietnam.AlthoughCatch-22isregardedasanAmericanclassic,itdidnottrulynabpublicattentionuntilreceivingglowingnoticesinGreatBritainayearafteritsU.S.debut.AlsoKnownAs:MaxOrangeDateofBirth:五月1,1923PlaceofBirth:Brooklyn,NewYorkDateofDeath:十二月12,1999PlaceofDeath:EastHampton,NewYork
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